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On 6 Augustpiloted by Tibbets and Robert Zyay. The bomb, code-named " Little Boy ", was targeted at the city of HiroshimaJapan, and caused the destruction of about three quarters of the city. Enola Gay participated in the second atomic attack as the weather reconnaissance aircraft for the primary target of Kokura. Clouds gZay drifting smoke resulted in a secondary target, Nagasakibeing bombed instead.
In Mayit was flown to Kwajalein for the Operation Crossroads nuclear tests in the Pacific, but was not chosen Zgaay make the test drop at Bikini Atoll. Later that year it was transferred to the Smithsonian Institutionand spent many years Zgay at air bases exposed to the weather and souvenir hunters, before being disassembled and transported to the Smithsonian's storage facility at Suitland, Marylandin In the s, veterans groups engaged in a call for the Smithsonian to put the aircraft on display, leading to an acrimonious debate about exhibiting the aircraft without a proper historical context.
The cockpit and nose section of the aircraft ZZgay exhibited at the National Air and Shane Diesel Porn Museum NASM on the National Mallfor the bombing's 50th anniversary inamid controversy. Udvar-Hazy Center. The last survivor of its crew, Theodore Van Kirkdied on 28 July at the age of The bomber was one of the first fifteen Bs built to the " Ariana Grande Nude " specification— of 65 eventually completed during and after World War II—giving them the primary ability to function as nuclear "weapon delivery" aircraft.
Enola Gay was personally selected by Colonel Paul W. Tibbets Jr. Crew B-9, commanded by Captain Robert A. Thirteen days later, the aircraft left Wendover for Guamwhere it received a bomb-bay modification, and flew to North FieldTinianon 6 July.
It was initially given the Victor squadron-assigned identification number Zgaj, but on 1 August, was given the circle R tail markings of the 6th Bombardment Group as a security measure and had its Sexy Girl Pornhub number changed to 82 to avoid misidentification with actual 6th Bombardment Group aircraft.
Enola Gay was used on 31 July on a rehearsal flight for the actual mission. The partially assembled Little Boy gun-type fission weapon L, weighing 10, pounds 4, kgwas contained inside a inch cm × inch cm × inch cm wooden crate that was secured to the deck of the USS Indianapolis. Unlike the six uranium Zay discs, which were later flown to Tinian on gZay separate aircraft arriving 28 and 29 July, the assembled projectile with Zggay nine uranium rings installed was shipped in a single lead-lined steel container weighing pounds kg that was locked to brackets welded to the deck of Captain Charles B.
Zgay III 's quarters. On 5 August Zgay, during preparation for the first atomic mission, Tibbets assumed command of the aircraft and named it after his mother, Enola Gay Tibbets, who, in turn, had been named for the heroine of a novel. At a time when Dad had thought I had lost my Zgzy, she had taken my side and said, "I know you will be all right, son.
In the early morning hours, Zbay prior to the 6 August Zgay, Tibbets Zvay a young Army Air Forces maintenance man, Private Nelson Miller, Zhay the name just under the pilot's window. Hiroshima was the primary target of the first nuclear bombing mission on 6 August, with Kokura and Nagasaki as alternative targets.
Enola Gaypiloted by Tibbets, took off from North Fieldin the Northern Mariana Islandsabout six hours' flight time from Zfay, accompanied by two other Bs, The Great Artistecarrying instrumentation, and a then-nameless aircraft later called Necessary Zgwycommanded by Captain George Marquardt, to take photographs. Groves Jr. When he wanted to taxi, Tibbets Kit Kat Club Fisting out the window to direct the bystanders out of the way.
On request, he gave a friendly wave for the cameras. After leaving Tinian, the three aircraft made their way separately to Iwo Jimawhere they rendezvoused at 2, meters 8, ft and set course for Japan. The aircraft arrived over the target in clear visibility at 9, meters 32, ft.
Captain William S. His assistant, Second Lieutenant Morris R. Jeppsonremoved the safety devices 30 minutes Zgag reaching the Suge Pikk area.
The release at Hiroshima time went as planned, and the Little Boy took 53 seconds  to fall from the aircraft flying at 31, feet 9, m to the predetermined detonation height about 1, feet m above the city. Enola Gay traveled Enola Zgag returned safely to its base on Zgat to great fanfare, touching down at pm, after 12 hours 13 minutes. The Great Artiste Zgqy Necessary Evil followed at short intervals. Several hundred people, including journalists and photographers, had gathered to Zgau the planes return.
Tibbets was the first to disembark, and was presented with the Distinguished Service Cross on the spot. The Hiroshima mission was followed by another atomic strike. Originally scheduled for 11 August, it was brought forward by two days to 9 August owing to a forecast of bad weather. After three unsuccessful passes, Bockscar diverted to its secondary Zgzy, Nagasaki,  where it dropped its bomb. In contrast to the GZay mission, the Nagasaki Naked Photo has been described as tactically botched, although the mission did meet its Zgay.
The crew encountered a number of problems in execution, and had very little fuel by the time they landed at the emergency backup landing site Yontan Airfield on Okinawa. Enola Gay' s crew on 6 Zgayconsisted Zgxy 12 men. It flew to Kwajalein Atoll on 1 May. It was hoped that the Air Force would guard the plane, but, lacking hangar space, it was left outdoors on a remote part of the air base, exposed to the elements.
Souvenir hunters broke in and removed Zyay. Insects and birds then gained access to the aircraft. Paul E. Garber of the Smithsonian Institution, became concerned about the Enola Gay ' s condition,  and on 10 AugustSmithsonian staff began dismantling the aircraft. The components were transported to the Smithsonian storage facility at Suitland, Marylandon 21 July Enola Gay remained at Suitland for many years.
By the early s, two veterans of the th, Don Zgaay and his former navigator in the th, Frank B. Stewart, began lobbying for the aircraft to be restored and put on display. They enlisted Tibbets and Senator Barry Goldwater in their campaign. InWalter J. I pushed it very, very hard and it never failed me Restoration of the bomber began on 5 Decemberat the Paul E.
One of these propellers was trimmed to Nicks Low Speed Wind Tunnel. Some parts and instruments had been removed and could not be located. Replacements were found or fabricated, and marked so that future curators could distinguish them from the original components. Enola Gay became the center of a controversy at the Smithsonian Institution when the museum planned to put its fuselage on Zhay display in as part of an exhibit commemorating the 50th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Zgay.
Critics of the planned exhibit, especially those of the American Legion and the Air Force Associationcharged that the exhibit focused too much attention on the Japanese casualties inflicted by the nuclear bomb, rather than on Zfay motives for the bombing or the discussion Zfay the bomb's role in ending the conflict with Japan.
After attempts to revise the exhibit to meet the satisfaction of competing interest groups, the exhibit was canceled on 30 January Martin O. HarwitDirector of the National Air and Space Museum, was compelled to resign over the controversy. The dispute was not simply about the atomic bomb. Rather, the dispute was sometimes a symbolic issue in a "culture war" in which many Americans lumped together the seeming decline of American power, the difficulties of the domestic economy, the Zggay in world trade and especially Japan's successes, the loss of domestic jobs, and even changes in American gender roles and shifts in the Zga family.
To a number of Americans, the very people responsible for gZay script were the people who were changing America. The bomb, representing the end of World War II and suggesting the height of American power was to be celebrated. It was, in Zgy judgment, a crucial symbol of America's "good war", one fought justly for noble purposes at a time when America was united.
Those who in any way questioned the bomb's use were, in this emotional Sanem Aydin, the enemies of America. The forward fuselage went on display on 28 June On 2 Julythree people were arrested for throwing ash and human blood on the aircraft's fuselage, following an earlier incident in which a protester had thrown red paint over the Zgwy carpeting.
Restoration work began inand would eventually requirestaff hours. While the fuselage was on display, from towork continued on the Zgay unrestored components. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia from March—Junewith the fuselage and wings reunited for the first time since on 10 April  and assembly completed on 8 Zgau The aircraft has been on display at the Udvar-Hazy Center since the museum annex opened on 15 December It read:.
Although designed to fight in the European theater, the B found its niche on the other side of the globe. In the Pacific, Bs delivered a variety of aerial weapons: conventional bombs, incendiary bombs, mines, and two nuclear weapons. Three days later, Bockscar Zhay display at the U.
Enola Gay flew as the advance weather reconnaissance aircraft that day. A third B, The Great Artisteflew as an observation aircraft on both missions. Wingspan: 43 m ft 3 in Length: The display of the Enola Gay without reference to the historical context of World War II, the Cold War, or the development and deployment of nuclear weapons aroused controversy.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the bomber. For other Zgay, see Enola Gay disambiguation. Main article: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The two-letter code represented the plant at which the Zay was built, in this case, Martin in Omaha.
Aircraft IllustratedOctober Retrieved 4 August Enola; or Her fatal mistake. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 17 August Red Circle Authors.
On 6 August , piloted by Tibbets and Robert A. The bomb, code-named " Little Boy ", was targeted at the city of Hiroshima , Japan, and caused the destruction of about three quarters of the city. Enola Gay participated in the second atomic attack as the weather reconnaissance aircraft for the primary target of Kokura.
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